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Russian Experts Look Forward to Sino-Rusian Collaboration on the Development of the Polar Silk Road



Russian experts generally agree that, polar commercial development is particular. According to the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation arctic strategy, the priority areas for the development of the Russian Arctic are comprehensive socio-economic development, development of science and technology, creation of up-to-date information and telecommunication infrastructure, creation of up-to-date information and telecommunication infrastructure, environmental safety and international cooperation in the Arctic. Based on Polar Silk Road collaboration, China and Russia look forward to strengthen cooperation on arctic infrastructure construction, scientific education and environmental protection.




On November 15, 2018, Global Ocean Governance Series Dialogue – The Polar Sub-Topic 3rd Dialogue was held successfully, which hosted by Grandview Institution and Centre for Russian and Ukrainian Studies (CRUS) at Harbin engineering university. The conference invited six polar experts from Russia to discuss topics around the‘Options and Mechanisms of China-Russia Collaboration on the Development of the Ice Silk Road in the Arctic’.


Konstantin Zaikov 

Firstly, Konstantin Zaikov, candidate of Historical Sciences and vice-Rector for International Cooperation at Northern(arctic) Federal University, stressed the importance of science and technology research to promote the sustainable development of Russia's arctic region. He believes that the acceleration of economic globalization has increased the demand for talents with professional skills. Furthermore, the vulnerability of ecosystems and geographical remoteness reinforces these trends in the Russian Arctic. Hence, the Arctic national scientific-educational consortium (the Consortium) was established under the chairmanship of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University (NArFU) in 2016, aims to consolidate resources and competencies in training and scientific study to ensure sustainable development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. They cooperate with wide universities, colleges, research institutes and other organizations concerned with education and research in and about the North, including 12 member-institutions from China.


Elena Vetrova 

Elena Vetrova, professor of Business and Management of Enterprises and Producing Complexes Department at St. Petersburg State Economic University, introduces the model of arctic governance and risk evaluation effectiveness systems from the perspective of economics. She provided methodology through strategic and tactical level to enforce governance effectiveness. From point of strategic level, she pointed out to pay attention on regulation acceptance of external stakeholders, like commercial stakeholders; from view of tactical level, Vetrova suggested to watch on efficiency of internal resources, such as benefit and costs. Elena Vetrova implemented a critical analysis of existing project and suggested following evaluation methods for Arctic projects: DCF for current attractiveness, ROV for sustainability, and EVA for evaluating the total cost of projects. The combination of evaluation methods will help stakeholders to understand Arctic projects comprehensively.


Andrey Afonin 

Then Andrey Afonin, dean of the Arctic Department of the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, interprets the development of the Russian arctic waterway technically. Russia's arctic waterway used to mainly undertake the transportation of scientific research, but with the development of economy, the Russian government has paid more and more attention on commercial activities. Under this environment, Professor Afonin’s team contribute to upgrading the Russian arctic waterway navigation ability. They have achieved on reducing navigation risk of shipping, expanding vessel traffic route network, improving the navigation accuracy and reducing the seasonal factors impact on Marine traffic flow. In the future they will further into the research, hope to cooperate with China in infrastructure construction, increase the arctic waterway capacity in Russia.


Liudmila Lapochkina 

Liudmila Lapochkina, associate professor in the Department of Economics and Management at Northern (Arctic) Federal University, introduced State Regulation of Transnational Productions Chains in the Russian Arctic. Global Added Value Chain is the core methodology she applied in Russian Arctic. As a result, she found current vertical integration in a low level and added value in extractive (8.6 – 18.5%) and manufacturing enterprises are relatively low. Lapochkina suggested to use the conception of the system of the state regulation of production chains in the European North of the Arctic region on the basis of development entrepreneurship in industry with the definition of its center. They also forward to the participation of the people's Republic of China in the Arctic technology chains as a business.


Olga Storozhenko 

‘The difficulty on AZR is balancing the interests between indigenous people, oil-and-gas manufactures and local population,’ said Olga Storozhenko, associate professor at the Department of Law, Intellectual Property and Forensic Expertise in Bauman Moscow State Technical University. Land management is a suitable tool to ensure the rational use of lands and their protection, provide a favorable environment, and to improve landscapes. So that she provided several legislative suggestions to complement current the low level of land management, including harmonization of the legislation and other legal acts regulating land management and cad astral activities with international legislation in the sphere of land management, urban planning, forestry, water management, and other regulations; legislative consolidation of the participation of the self-regulating organizations and citizens in land management activities and so forth.


Vasilii Erokhin 

At last, associate professor at the School of Economics and Management in Harbin Engineering University, Vasilii Erokhin introduced his following academic publication 'The Handbook of Research on International Collaboration, Economic Development, and Sustainability in the Arctic'. This publication addresses the major challenges to international cooperation for the development of the Arctic in view of the rapid growth in exploration and utilization of natural and environmental resources and transport connectivity between Europe, Asia, and North America. Major policy and management options that may be needed for ensuring sustainable development, strengthening resilience, for adaptation, and for transformation changes in the Arctic are discussed. Specific implementations of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, China-Nordic and other cross-regional diplomatic models and formats of economic collaboration are concerned.